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Refuting Arguments in Research Paper


Writing a research paper is a long, arduous and time-consuming project requiring intense research, painstaking compilation and multiple man-hours prior to completion. 

Basic Structure

In essence, an argumentative research paper’s outline is simplistic inherently:

  • Prelude
  • Founding an argument
  • Refuting counter arguments
  • Conclusion


A prelude is written with precision and meticulous planning. It intrinsically consists of bait, background info and lastly, a thesis statement.
Hook: The first sentence is a baiting technique. The baiting technique grabs hold of reader’s attention, analogous to Chris Nolan attracts audience blindly.

For instance, writing about Hollywood movie directors, a mere mention of Chris Nolan lures audience into reading remainder of the excerpt. The baiting statement can be: This research paper will deconstruct Christopher Nolan’s directing prowess, piece by piece.

Background Info

The next consequent step is to give some brief overview of the subject at hand. Attempt to clarify the following questions:

  • The core issue
  • Why is it important?
  • Who does it affect?

For instance: Using slick editing and cutting corners, Chris Nolan is aptly able to choreograph action scenes. Using close-combat scenes, the fight scenes are shot evading detailed action sequences. More so, each of his movie contains the‘big reveal’ placed towards the movie’s end.


Thesis statement is placed at the end, luring the reader to plow further. The thesis statement will state the aim of the research and stance taken on a particular subject.

Given the constant recurring elements in Chris Nolan movies, what should we expect in his next movie? Now that the elements have been baited slyly, consequent sections will elaborate on it further.

Initiating an Argument

After the basic points of an argument are baited, it’s time to elaborate on each element expansively. Depending on the word count and subject’s length, a research paper can be elaborated as author’s feels necessary.


The claim is basically a stance taken with respect to a subject

For instance: Chris Nolan’s cinematic repetitiveness is wearing audience down.

This claim is backed up by sufficient instances to validate this heavy-handed claim.


The claim is substantiated by multiple evidence based arguments. More so, expert opinion can be incorporated for extra assurance. Evidence is never anecdotal, only observational.

  • For instance: According to celebrated film critic Roger Ebert, Chris Nolan’s storytelling is compelling with a tinge of humor. On the other hand, action is certainly not his forte.
  • For instance: Inception (2010), The Dark Knight Rises (2012) and Interstellar (2014), all have encapsulated a final reveal for the ultimate‘wow factor’, a practice wearing thin on the audience.

Refuting Arguments

This section will put any refuting arguments to permanent rest. Each research paper has refuting arguments arguing the flip side.

For instance: Chris Nolan is deemed as one of the top directors of this century considered amongst James Cameron, Steven Spielberg and Stanley Kubrick.

For instance: Nolan’s repulsiveness to 3D obstructs him from becoming a big cinema draw

As such, these arguments are flimsy and can be refuted in this section for solidifying the central argument of Nolan’s clichéd approach to film-making being unoriginal.


In this sequential manner, a research paper is written, addressing issues and resolving them neatly.

8/29/2017 5:54:26 PM
Review posted and now it's pending for approval!Review posted and now it's pending for approval!

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